Climate change mitigation - 2020 Outlook (Slovakia)
What is the 2020 outlook for the topic in question and how will this affect possible impacts on the natural environment and human health/well-being?
Figure 5: Impact of policies and measures on emissions trends within 3 scenarios
The Slovak Republic regularly updates and provides emission projection scenarios for three possible scenarios until 2020. The energy and industry projections are modelled by the programme MESSAGE. Emission scenarios are developed according to international guidelines. According to the Kyoto Protocol, the Slovak Republic is committed to reduce GHG emissions by 8 % during the period 2008–12 related to the base year (1990) level. Following the UNFCCC guidelines the Slovak Republic has prepared emission projections for all three scenarios:
WM: with measures
WOM: without measures
WAM: with additional measures
Possible impacts of the EU ETS (the price of allowances) and an increasing share of renewable energy resources in the energy balance of the Slovak Republic have been investigated by modelling with existing measures (WM) and with additional measures (WAM) scenarios. There is an urgent need to diversify the importation of primary energy sources and to decrease our dependency on imports by using a higher share of domestic renewable energy sources (RES), namely by biomass in the Slovak Republic 1. The quantitative information are available in the document Strategy for higher use of renewable energy resources in the Slovak Republic.
Table 3: Electricity production in GWh from RES 2002–2007
Source: Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic, Energy statistics of the Slovak Statistical Office